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Wednesday, January 29, 2014

Grooming Essentials :MEN & WOMEN

Grooming Essentials: Men
•Wear low heeled conservative dress shoes that are color coordinated with your suit, ideally black.
•Make sure your shoes are well polished
•Carry a leather folder in black/brown to carry your CV/other documents.
•Hair: Get a professional Haircut before the interviews. A short hair cut is the best bet for men
•Clean shaven is the best way to go. If you have beard, goatee or moustache, shave it off for interviews
•When it comes to wearing a fragrance, always remember not to over do it. Keep the fragrance mild.
Recommended post : Examples of WAT/GD

Grooming Essentials:Women
•Make up should be subtle. Choose neutral or light shades for nail varnish and lipstick. Bright colors are a absolute no no
•Tie your hair in a neat hairstyle with hair pulled back from face.
•Clip nails short, along their shape
•Earrings should not dangle below the earlobe. No more than an inch is acceptable
•For business wear, footwear should be closed toe and closed heel. No Strapy sandals, chapals. Plain leather footwear works best. Heels not more than 2-3 inches
•Avoid chunky jewellery, bangles or anklets or anything which creates sound
•Carry a leather folder in black/brown to carry your CV/other documents

For those of you who are planning to wear a shirt n tie, make sure you keep the following pointers in mind: 
1) Ideally, go for a solid shirt with striped tie
2) DO NOT wear checked shirts with striped ties or vice versa. If you are wearing a check or striped shirt, wear a solid tie. 
3) Stick to blues and whites. Do not experiment too much with colors on Interview days
4) Your shirts should be crisp n well ironed. Buy a new shirt if you can

Recommended post : Examples of WAT/GD

Saturday, January 25, 2014



1.       XAT Interview Centre Bangalore
2.       Date of interview : 26/02/13
3.       Interview Stream: BM
4.       XAT Percentile (Overall): 97.25
5.       GK Score: 6.67
6.       Stream of Education: Engineering
7.       Work Experience: '1-2
8.       Brief Profile Description: 
  10th: 86.3
B.E: CGPA 8.99/10
Work Ex: 18 months.
 GD Topic: Indian Population - Is it a boon or bane?
Number of people: 11
Summary of discussion: Not a peaceful GD, sometimes tending towards a fish market. Everyone got an opportunity to speak. Everyone asked to summarize in 2-3 sentences.

1.   Interview Experience: P1:
1. Asked me about the GD, what we as a group could have done better
2. Asked me to elaborate on the points I contributed.
3. What is a fuse and what is a filament?
4. Draw a basic electrical and electronic circuit.

5. Asked me to pick one among sports, news and politics. (I picked sports)
6. The no.1 ranked women's and men's tennis players.
7. What happened at Nadal's comeback tournament?
8. Why is Venus Williams ranked so low?
9. Would you pick BM or HRM if you get both?

1. What did you think of the railway budget?
2. Some people say it's not a populist budget, what do you think?
3. What is GDP?
4. What is repo rate and reverse repo rate? How does it impact growth?
5. What is Nifty and Sensex?

1. Asked me about work experience and my role.
2. Switches over to Geography - What are the 7 sister states?
3. Tell me the capital of any three of them.
4. What was the capital of Assam before Dispur?
5. Where do you find dolphins in India?
6. Which is the highest lake in India? (Said Dal lake, but found out later that it's not )
7. Which is a lake which has brackish water?

Recommended post : 
Examples of WAT/GD



1.       XAT Interview Centre Bangalore
2.       Date of interview : 24/02/13
3.       Interview Stream: BM
4.       XAT Percentile (Overall): 98.26
5.       GK Score: 6.33
6.       Stream of Education: Engineering
7.       Work Experience: 2-3
8.       Brief Profile Description: 
  Educational Profile
X: 89.33
Undergrad Major - GPA: 6.99 Btech CSE

Work profile
Number of months :24
Sector/Industry :IT

 GD Topic: Topic: Human Rights in Western Countries is a myth!
Number of participants: 12
Duration: 15 mins
Brief snapshot of discussion:

Everyone pitched in and it was a good GD. I had some valid points in the discussion.

At the end, everyone was asked to summarize the discussion in 3 sentences!!
1.   Interview Experience: Panelists Intro:Three People, lets name them P1, P2, P3.They were more or less of the same age group..They were all cordial, except P2who kept quiet for most of the interview

PI Questions:

P1: So, tell me about the current company you work
Me: Answered about what our company is, what we do and what my role is

P1: What is a pvt. Limited company?
Me: Sir, its a company owned by a handful of people. Our company is owned by 2 people.

P1: How many people can own a pvt ltd company
Me: Sir, I m not sure, but I think its in the range of 1 to 5( which, I later found out, is a big blunder)

P1: Can a private ltd company issue preference shares?
Me: Sir, I dunno what preference shares are, but a private ltd company can issue shares after intimating and getting the permission from SEBI

P1: What is SEBI?
Me: Sir, its Securities and Exchange Board of India. It monitors all the public companies

P1: Only public companies?
Me: Yes sir, I think so

P1: What are listed companies?
Me: Sir, Listed companies are those that are listed either in BSE or NSE

P1: Whats the difference between those two
Me: Sir, NSE is National Stock Exchange, located in Delhi and BSE is Bombay Stock Exchange in Mumbai. And they have different indices with NSE considering 50 companies and BSE 30.

P3: ok
P1: So, you have talked about Drug lords in Mexico. What is that?
Me: (Prepared this while waiting for the interview) Sir, Mexico is facing a big problem with drug lords who are criminal organizations fighting against each other for gaining positions and many civilians are being killed in the process. And, the government, to reduce drug trafficking, has given lot of powers to military and the military is using them for inhuman activities like torturing etc..So , Mexico is facing a big human rights violation challenge.

P1: ok, What about Colombia?
Me: Sir, I dunno about the details but Colombia is also facing the problems of drug trafficking

P1: Ok, why do you think this is happening only in these two countries?
Me: Sir, its not just these two countries sir, there are a lot others. But, why it is huge in Mexico is because Mexico is right below US and hence it has huge opportunities to transport drugs over to US illegally.

P1: So, what should US do?
Me: They must strengthen the border security, tighten their drug policies and help these countries with manpower

P1: No, what must US do in their country to reduce this problem?
Me: I guess, they can provide better facilities to treat drug addiction. And as this addiction falls, demand for drugs comes down and hence the problem might lessen.

P1: Ok..(and looks at the other members)
P3: So, which branch are you from
Me: CSE sir

P1: So, why do you want to do MBA
Me(I had to ask the question again as I couldnt understand him the first time): Told ..
and they looked convinced to me!!

P3: So, you said "Human rights is obviously a myth"
Me: Yes sir, but what I actually wanted to say was "Human rights is in fact a myth"

P3: Thats correct. So why do you think so
Me: I tried to explain something saying that its related to a nation

P3: Are you sure that human rights is related to a nation, or is it individual?
Me: I m not sure sir

P3: What are Human rights?
Me: Its a set of basic rights through which a human can lead a decent life

P3: there you go
Me: (realizing) Yes sir, Human rights is related to the individual

P3: Ok, then
Me: And human rights can never be completely implemented. If we consider US after 9/11, their retaliation against Afghanistan and later Iraq are seen as good by americans, but these countries have suffered a lot sir

P3: Tell me a situation where human rights are violated in Afghanistan
Me: There are many cases where Americans tortured Afghanistan prisoners and there was a recent news where a picture was printed

P3: U think Osama Bin Laden violated Human rights
Me: Obviously sir, he has bombed numerous people for no proper reason and that itself is a direct violation of human rights

P3: What about Saddam? Did he violate any human rights when he captured Kuwait?
Me: Sorry sir, but I have not much idea about Saddam capturing Kuwait

P3 then cracks a joke about Saddam and all laugh

Me: Sir, I dunno about Kuwait, but in general, he was responsible for torturing of many people in Iraq and so he also violated human rights. Also, he was responsible for mass deaths too

P3: Yes, mass murders..true

P2: What other exams did you give
Me: Told

P2: What calls you got from them
Me: Told

P2: So, how did you prepare for your interview?
Me: Said that I have attended a few mock interviews

P2: They asked all these questions?
Me: No sir, just the basic questions like "why mba" and all

P2: And you have answered them all to us now
Everybody smile

They looked at each other and signal its over

I thanked them all and left!



1.       XAT Interview Centre Mumbai
2.       Date of interview : 24/02/13
3.       Interview Stream: BM
4.       XAT Percentile (Overall): 99.69
5.       GK Score: 8.67
6.       Stream of Education: Engineering
7.       Work Experience: 2-3
8.       Brief Profile Description: 
  IT,28 mnths.

 GD Topic: Topic: Should there be any relaxation in the subsidies in the agriculture sector.

was a healthy fish market.
1.   Interview Experience: About the panel
Panelists Intro: Mr. Apalak Khatua(AK), Mr. Ashis Pani(AP) and Mr. Prantik Ray(PR)
Some words about the panel and its general behavior/conduct:
AK - My university alum..was cool
AP - Good.Was staring at me all the time.Was there solely to judge ur body language.
PR - Asked questions at the speed of an amoeba.
PI Questions:

1> Where do u stay?
2>Tell me the name by which ur college was known as?
3>Why are manholes round?
4>Tell me about some industries in ur belt?
5>Future of jute industry.
6>Which industry has replaced jute industry?
7>Name the three most importamt things u hv learned during ur engineering?
8>What is a SEZ?
9>Name some SEZs.What are its advantages and disadvantages?
10>Are u superstitious?
11>3 reasons we shud select explicitly told that plz don mention commitment,hard wroking etc...we have been hearin this for past many days.

12>1 reason we shud not select u.

Thank you!
u may leave now.A: I said snakes are colour blind sir and see in Grayscale...
A few questions on this more..
Q:What is TRAI?
A: Answered
Q:Its head?
A:Kapil Sibal (Dammit why did I say this)
Q: How did Telecom Boom in India?
A: told about license raj,PV Narasinha Rao and new and improved policies with FDI in telecom and reduction in price of spectrum..
Q: So which is the gravest threat to telecom market now?
A:Spectrum refarming,High price of spectrum... blah blah
Q: Ok Dhruv tell me why we shouldnt select you?
A: I talk too much at times(Not articulate) and am a little dominating..(they laugh)
Q: So what qualities a manager should have?
A:Blah blah...
Q: Ok Dhruv do you want to tell us anything lese than this?
A:Told about hobbies..

Ok Dhruv Thanks,
ME: May I ask a question sir?
Me: What does the logo of XLRI mean after redesign?
Them:Told something that its just a logo.. doesnt mean much

I thanked them and left.
Total duration = 20 mins
Chilled out panel with 1 prof very sweet and smiling,1 prof normal and 1 prof not smiling at all!

All in all a good experience

Result: Awaited.. though I dunno how they are judging.. ATB to others as well
Just remain calm and think before you answer..

Thursday, January 23, 2014



1.       XAT Interview Centre Bangalore
2.       Date of interview : 19/02/2013
3.       Interview Stream: BM
4.       XAT Percentile (Overall): 98.73
5.       GK Score: 2.8
6.       Stream of Education: Engineering
7.       Work Experience: 1-2
8.       Brief Profile Description: 
       Educational Profile
X : 87.8%
XII : 81.2%
Undergrad Major - : 81.45 (IPU,Delhi)
Any other professional certification or course undertaken: IP Certification,Ericsson
Work profile (if applicable) : Network Engineer
Organization : Ericsson Global India
Number of months :18
Sector/Industry : Telecom
Special achievements at work : Power Award,IP Certification

       GD Topic: Topic: Shall India abolish death penalty ?

No fish market, everyone presented their own views and points and finally everyone was asked to summarize in 30 seconds
1.   Interview Experience: Panelists Intro:
3 panelists all male profs..
Dont remember their names .. also faces are blurry so cant look them up

Some words about the panel and its general behavior/conduct:
Great panel. No stress at all, started my PI with a smile and finished it smiling .

PI Questions:
Q:Why did you start the GD?
A: Told it gives me confidence and I believe I did it nicely.
Q:What is your height?Does it give you confidence as well?
A:Yeah.. blah blah...
Q:Why did you bring up Kejriwal and Aam Aadmi party?
A:Told about anti-corruption the sole direction of the party...
Q:How will Kejriwal be as a PM?
A:Told will focus on Anti-corruption,Jan Lokpal Bill.. but too early to tell what other he has to offer.
Q:What are you currently reading in the news?
A:Chopper gate .. blah blah
Q: Oh you are from Telecom...
A: Yes sir
Q: So tell me about the motion of a snake and how it senses the surroundings ?
A: Told vibrations sensing etc..
Q:No draw the graph and show me ..
A: Drew an analog curve with an equation y=mx+c where c is ambient noise in environment,y is percieved vibrations by snake, m is distance of source , x is intensity of sound source..
Q: Ok ok,can Snakes see red colour?
A: I said snakes are colour blind sir and see in Grayscale...
A few questions on this more..
Q:What is TRAI?
A: Answered
Q:Its head?
A:Kapil Sibal (Dammit why did I say this)
Q: How did Telecom Boom in India?
A: told about license raj,PV Narasinha Rao and new and improved policies with FDI in telecom and reduction in price of spectrum..
Q: So which is the gravest threat to telecom market now?
A:Spectrum refarming,High price of spectrum... blah blah
Q: Ok Dhruv tell me why we shouldnt select you?
A: I talk too much at times(Not articulate) and am a little dominating..(they laugh)
Q: So what qualities a manager should have?
A:Blah blah...
Q: Ok Dhruv do you want to tell us anything lese than this?
A:Told about hobbies..

Ok Dhruv Thanks,
ME: May I ask a question sir?
Me: What does the logo of XLRI mean after redesign?
Them:Told something that its just a logo.. doesnt mean much

I thanked them and left.
Total duration = 20 mins
Chilled out panel with 1 prof very sweet and smiling,1 prof normal and 1 prof not smiling at all!

All in all a good experience

Result: Awaited.. though I dunno how they are judging.. ATB to others as well
Just remain calm and think before you answer..

XLRI : interview Experience 1


1.       XAT Interview Centre :              Mumbai
2.       Date of interview : 18/2/13
3.       Interview Stream: BM
4.       XAT Percentile (Overall): 91.7
5.       GK Score: 8
6.       Stream of Education: Engineering
7.       Work Experience: 1-2
8.       Brief Profile Description: Mechanical Engineer(University of Pune)
Worked in Tata Technologies Limited for 13 months

Extra curriculars - Published 2 papers, Done 3 internships (1 Marketing and 1 vehicle design), A national level award for paper presentation and 2 state level awards, Robotics level 1 and 2, Elementary and Intermediate level Hindi exams - High distinction.
9.       GD Topic: Topic: Shall India abolish death penalty ?

No fish market, everyone presented their own views and points and finally everyone was asked to summarize in 30 seconds
1.   Interview Experience: Stress Interview. I was a bit nervous already, they made me more, but I answered almost all the questions except a few .. Asked me about Rubik's cube and algorithms ( I had mentioned it in my hobbies).. A few questions on marketing which I answered well (I think) .. A question on e-government and a few out of the box questions like "Why does USA use left hand drive system and India uses right hand drive system?", "Differentiate between left side of your brain and right side of your brain". A few questions regarding my work .. After I finished, they asked me if I had some questions.

Overall, a very nice panel and a decent interview. :)

Best of luck to everyone .. You shall get in if you deserve :)

Sunday, January 5, 2014

Essay : Domestic-Violence

Statistics you can use while writing Essay:

- One in five adolescent girls will experience a form of sexual or physical violence in her lifetime, according to the journal or American Medical Association. 

- In the US, a woman is abused every nine seconds.

- The AMA and the FBI estimate that 4 million women are abused every year.

- Family violence kills as many women every five years as the total number of Americans killed in the Vietnam War – 54000 men and women.

- Approximately 50% of all homeless women and children in the US are fleeing from domestic violence.

- Child witnesses of domestic violence are victims of child abuse at a rate 1500% higher than the national average.

- Ina 36 month study of 147 children, ages 11 to 17, from homes where wife beating was a major problem, all sons over the age of 14 attempted to protect their mothers and 62% were injured in the process.

- 63% of young men between the ages of 11 and 20 who are serving time for homicide have killed their mother’s abuser

Essay:A Day Without Electricity

Capstone Experiences in Career and Technical Education

Capstones are culminating experiences in which students synthesize subject-matter knowledge they have acquired, integrate cross-disciplinary knowledge, and connect theory and application in preparation for entry into a career (Fairchild and Taylor 2000). Durel (1993) evocatively describes them as a "rite of passage" or "liminal threshold" through which participants change their status from student to graduate. A capstone course should be both a synthesis—reflection and integration—and a bridge—a real-world preparatory experience that focuses on the postgraduation future (Fairchild and Taylor 2000; Rhodus and Hoskins 1995). In career and technical education (CTE), capstones are most often found in postsecondary business, agriculture, and allied health programs; in their emphasis on integration, experiential learning, and real-world problem solving, they would be valuable in any CTE field. This Brief discusses the rationale for capstones, presents evidence of their effectiveness, and describes ways to use them in CTE.

Why Capstones?

Many types of work now require more than technical expertise (Fairchild and Taylor 2000; Magney 1996). In many fields, a wide range of nontechnical skills is now essential: leadership, teamwork, problem solving, decision making, critical thinking, interpersonal communication, information management (Fairchild and Taylor 2000; Rhodus and Hoskins 1995). For example, in organizations with flatter hierarchies, management responsibilities are now being downshifted to technicians (Magney 1996). Information technology graduates need not only specialized technical skills but also project management skills and awareness of global concerns and business practices (Novitzki 1998). Nurses must be prepared for change management, critical thinking, and interdisciplinary collaboration in the volatile health care field (Rains, Richardson, and Fowler 1999).

To achieve these outcomes, the objectives of a capstone course, project, or experience typically include the following (Fairchild and Taylor 2000; Rhodus and Hoskins 1995; Thomas 1998):

. To provide students an opportunity to synthesize knowledge from formal and informal
learning and apply it to contemporary issues in the field
. To help prepare students for a successful career by providing experiences that
enhance their labor market advantage
. To increase students' understanding of the big picture, including ethical and social
issues related to the field
. To help students understand the relevance of theory and research to practice

How Effective Are Capstones?

What benefits do students receive from capstone experiences? Agriculture capstone graduates (Andreasen and Trede 1998) recognized the application of knowledge from other courses as the most beneficial outcome. Those who intended to teach felt the course prepared them for their first professional job. Fairchild and Taylor (2000) report that students who have completed capstone courses typically require less on-the-job training. In an evaluation of an agriculture and applied economics capstone that was selected as a national model ("Outcomes Assessment" 1998), 100% of completers said that it developed problem-solving, decision-making, critical thinking, and human relations skills.

In a nursing capstone, traditional students and registered nurses completing bachelor's degrees experienced different outcomes (Rains et al. 1999). Registered nurses viewed the course as an opportunity to rethink and refocus their careers; traditional students appreciated the holistic view of nursing it provided. The value of a culminating course was captured in one student's comment: "Final semester is when we are ready to hear" (p. 54). Sonner's (1999) research showed that performance in a capstone delivered via distance learning methods was higher for students who had previously taken at least one distance course. She speculates that capstone characteristics—integrative, creative, independent, self-motivating—may reflect the demands made of distance learners.

Hartenian, Schellenger, and Frederickson (2001) found that students in an integrated business course were extremely challenged by the demands of developing a semester-long case study of a manufacturing firm. They felt unprepared for teamwork and for shifting their perception of course activities from academic exercises to a real-world project involving an actual business. Their findings, as well as those of Sonner, Rains et al., and Novitzki (1998)—whose management information systems capstone worked well with nontraditional adult learners—suggest that a combination of student characteristics and preparatory experiences helps make capstones effective.

Using Capstones in Practice

"When learning activities and instructional techniques based upon the principles of experiential learning are applied in the capstone setting, the quality and benefits within these courses are improved" (Andreasen and Wu 1999, p. 76). Based on their findings, Andreasen and Wu developed an experiential learning model for capstones that has these components (pp. 75-76):

. Receive: An activity or experience is received by the learner. This activity or
experience may be developed by the facilitator, may occur during the capstone
course, or may have occurred during previous courses.
. Relate: Relating learned experiences to previously gained knowledge ties
experiential learning to the capstone course philosophy.
. Reflect: Reflecting upon the experiences received and relating them to each other
distinguish experiential learning from other types of learning.
. Refine: The refinement process causes further contemplation concerning the
applicability of this knowledge and its association to and with other knowledge.
. Reconstruct: Learners synthesize the subject-matter content and integrate it into
their knowledge base. They should then be able to apply what was learned to other

Within such a framework, capstone objectives should be matched with appropriate methods and activities, taking into consideration such contextual factors as student background, instructor's teaching style, and available resources (Thomas 1998). Common methods include case analysis, multiple role play, living cases, storytelling, and simulations and games.

Case Analysis. The case method has a long tradition of use in business education. Well-developed and appropriate cases can engage critical thinking and communication skills, bridge theory and practice, and expose learners to true-life problems (Thomas 1998). However, traditional cases can be static and dated, are read passively, and rely on text alone. In a business administration capstone designed around adult learning principles, Mundell and Pennarola (1999) applied a model that avoids these problems. Students are given an abundance of raw information sources; using groupware, teams reconstruct cases themselves from the data. They actively engage in interpretation and synthesis. The information sources are in interactive multimedia formats, including video. This model works best when students are, as in this example, adults with prior experience of teamwork, or when students are given training in group dynamics and the use of groupware.

Multiple Role Play. In this experiential method, students assume different roles in a hypothetical organization. In the semester-long case described by Hartenian et al. (2001), students were assigned roles in a fictional manufacturing company that were not the same as their major and were placed on cross-functional teams. In addressing case incidents, students had to consider the impact of their decision choices on their own function as well as others. They drew on their expertise (their majors) but also had to learn how to research and perform in other functions, in a realistic setting.

Living Cases. In a variation on case analysis, student teams work with local organizations to develop strategic plans or conduct projects. This approach develops research skills and fulfills the goals of integration and appreciation for the big picture. In a nursing capstone course, students attended seminars on leadership, assessment, and goal setting (Mellon and Nelson 1998). Then a self-directed student team created a health fair project for pregnant teens in collaboration with community agencies. They developed research skills through the collection of baseline data on their population. The project was actually implemented and evaluated as it would be on the job.

Storytelling. Storytelling is a part of organizational culture, communicating values, traits, and dynamics. Organizations use storytelling to make sense of their situation, induct new members, and bring about change (Thomas 1998). A capstone student teaching course in business education was conducted concurrently with the student teaching assignments (Keil and Olivo 1996). A primary function of the course was to provide student teachers a place to tell their practice stories, share ideas, discuss problems, and give and receive moral support. The capstone thus began the teacher induction process, fulfilling the bridging function of transition to professional careers.

Computer Simulations and Games. Widely used in business capstones, computer-based simulations "create an environment in which investigation can occur and students develop and use skills in hypothesis formulation, development, and testing" (Thomas 1998, p. 494). Fairchild and Taylor's (2000) agribusiness capstone uses The Business Strategy Game: A Global Industry Simulation by Thompson and Stappenbeck, in which students develop and implement a strategic business plan for a hypothetical firm and evaluate its financial impact on the organization's success. "The business strategy simulation makes business decisions and their consequences a reality, seriously challenges students in a team-based competitive framework, brings everything they have learned in the curriculum together in a meaningful manner, and creates new understanding from old material never before fully appreciated" (ibid., p. 13).

Successful capstone experiences depend upon the choice of activities and methods as well as characteristics and preparation of participating students. Some of the most effective teaching practices are requiring intensive writing and speaking, focusing on group work and team cooperation, using critical thinking to solve real-world problems, and involving real clients or representatives from business and the community (ibid.). Some hindering factors may include time constraints for both students and faculty; lack of retention of previous course material; lack of computer, team, writing, or communication skills; and difficulty developing or locating appropriate, high-quality projects, case materials, or activities (ibid.; Novitzki 1998).

In a capstone, which requires demonstration of mastery and self-direction, the instructor clearly takes the role of facilitator. However, "instructors sometimes have trouble becoming facilitators, and students very often have a great deal of trouble becoming self-motivated, self-directing learners" (Fairchild and Taylor 2000, p. 14). Capstones will best achieve their goals when the issues of student and instructor preparation for facilitation, teamwork, self-direction, and other requirements are addressed throughout the curriculum leading up to the culminating experience. Then students will be ready to bring together all their fragmented knowledge and skills into a coherent whole and to negotiate a successful passage from "the relative safety of the well-defined college learning environment" (ibid.) to the relative ambiguity associated with the world of work.

Essay:21st Century War on Terror

Under reaction and conservatives are equally responsible for today’s crisis. During President Reagan’s time in office he made the fatal mistake of not retaliating after 241 U.S. marines were slaughtered in Lebanon; he did worse. “Holding that Islamic guerillas were our main allies because of the fight against the soviets, he poured money and our expertise in training the Taliban. Thus making terrorists. Our turn soon came.” Leonard Piekoff states.

If we did not enforce strong military action against Middle Eastern terrorism, terrorists could overtake and conquer weaker Middle Eastern states: Yemen and potentially Saudi Arabia. This would lead to a worse case scenario. Soon terrorists would control a significant portion of the Middle Eastern oil supply. This would put a strangle hold on worldwide distribution of oil from the Middle East. This would make them stronger by holding us captive to the already rising anti-American terrorist groups, and us much weaker.

It is also very necessary to increase military might against terrorism to stay strong; if we did not retaliate we would look weak, pathetic, and scared to the rest of the world. The U.S. is the super power of the world, the act on September 11 has brought each and every American together making us stronger than any other state or country. Without retaliation it would undoubtedly give rise to other terrorist states: North Korea, Iran, and Iraq the” axis of evil”

One Libertarian group claims that non-military response to the 9-11 tragedy can help cure the disease of terrorism rather than just its symptoms. These permissive people want to put money into International Humanitarian Aid, worldwide public education, and nutrition of starving peoples. They think that would create an environment inhospitable to terrorism and its roots. In reality this is a new breed of terrorists. They are faceless people carefully programmed to destroy their enemy at all costs. They are obviously educated, well trained, blindly obedient to authority, and with few possessions and nothing to lose except sacrificing their lives for a higher cause it seems impractical to underestimate the power of this new enemy by helping them again.

Although action in Afghanistan does not ensure the American way of life we must seek the leaders of these terrorist groups to assure that this will not happen again and because there will be resistance our soldiers must fight to win back our freedom. Some soldiers may die ensuring our freedom and I mourn for those soldiers that gave their life for you and I but they are combat trained and ready for war unlike the surprise attack on September 11 where thousands of civilians were not ready.

Military action against terrorism is the only way that we will be able to keep living the American Dream. Freedom is what every American has and not one of us wants to lose that. The “war on terrorism” is being fought and will continue to ensure our way of life will last forever.

Essay : Gender-Issues-In-Cartoons

Gendered roles are evident in all forms of the media. For my research, I decided to view the gender construction in cartoons. After viewing the Cartoon Network for a day, I decided that Dexter’s Laboratory would be the best show to document the gender roles and common ideologies of men and women in society.
Dexter’s Laboratory is based on the tale of a child genius. A small, red-headed boy genius, Dexter lives in a quiet suburban neighborhood with his mother, father, and older sister Dee Dee. Quite often, Dexter slips away to his fully-equipped bedroom laboratory to solve problems ranging from saving the world to defeating schoolyard bullies. Dexter is sometimes left struggling to fix or clean up the damage done to his laboratory by his older sibling.
Dee Dee does not share Dexter's passion for science, preferring instead to be an adorable ballet dancer. Dee Dee often times throws a monkey wrench into Dexter's great plans. She breaks into Dexter’s lab and always seems to cause trouble because of her lack of knowledge in the science field. Dexter tells Dee Dee "don’t press that button Dee Dee, you don’t know what you are doing". When the characters are shown in a school environment, Dee Dee, who is older than Dexter, is always shown in the classroom with Dexter’s young classmates. 

This cartoon illustrates some common roles that men and women are put in by the media. First, the boy, Dexter, is smart, and is pursuing a career in science. Dee Dee is shown to be the dumb blonde, who’s only ambition is to be a ballerina. Her lack of intelligence is also shown by her being in the classroom with younger children. This construction of the character’s abilities is central to the views of women being inferior and simple-minded, versus men who are smart and use their skills in a more efficeint manner. This also implies that men are better at math and science, while women are best suited for dancing or homemaking skills.

The cartoon also portrays the femme fatale theory. The woman lures the man and then causes his downfall. In the cartoon, Dee Dee entices Dexter into playing some game. She then uses one of Dexter’s own creations to destroy or hinder him. Usually, she turns him into a giant or even a girl with the use of his experiments. As Dee Dee is wallowing in her victory over Dexter, he is plotting an idea to get revenge. His revenge usually leaves Dee Dee crying or running to their parents for help. This writing shows that Dee Dee is unable to solve her own problems, unlike Dexter. Dee Dee is being the stereotypical emotional female who needs help from others to resolve her issues. Dexter is "being a man". He cannot let a girl defeat him and as a man, he must use his brains and rely on himself to get himself out of bad situations.

Dexter’s mother is also placed into gender constraints by the media. His mother is always wearing an apron and cleaning gloves. Whether she is going to the market, meeting at the school, or eating dinner, the apron and gloves are always on. These clothing items limit her to one position, as that of the housewife. This reinforces the hegemonic ideal that a woman’s place is in the home. Her role, as portrayed in the cartoon, is to cook and clean. Dexter’s father is more likely seen reading the newspaper or leaving the home to go to work, bolstering the doctrines that make the man the breadwinner of the home.

The emergence of biased gender roles in cartoons may well be the reason that most of the stereotypes of women and men exist to this day. Children will grow up thinking that this view is normal because it is so blatantly displayed in the media. 

Essay: Animal-Experimentation

Imagine having a headache and not having aspirin to take, or being diabetic and not being able to take certain types of insulin (Williams 3).   It seems impossible that these drugs could be unavailable to humans, but they would not be attainable had scientists not tested these drugs on non-animal subjects.   Contrary to what many people believe, testing drugs on animals often give defective results.   “More than 205,000 new drugs are marketed worldwide every year, most undergo the most archaic and unreliable testing methods still in use: animal studies” (PETA 1).   Although animals may seem the like ideal specimens for testing new drugs, the experiments are untrustworthy and can cause unknown side effects.

Research on animals is deemed necessary to develop vaccines, treatments, and cures for diseases and to ensure that new products are safe for humans to use.   “The development of immunization against such diseases as polio, diphtheria, mumps, measles, rubella, pertussis, and hepatitis all involved research on animals […]” (AMPEF 1).   Scientists have found many drugs by means of animal experimentation.   To some people, animals are viewed as better test subjects than anything else.   Scientists can control many aspects in an animal’s life such as their diet, the temperature, lighting, environment, and more.   Animals are biologically similar, but not identical to humans and can form some of the same health problems.   When these health problems are injected into an animal it can have the same physical reactions as a human could.   

Experimenting on animals, to some, is important if humans want to continue with improving our medical advances (AMPEF 1).   

Although animals have helped form useful medicines for humans like anesthesia, they have also helped put dangerous drugs on the market (AMPEF 1).   Practolol, a drug for heart disorders that passed animal test was pulled off the shelves when the drug caused blindness in people.   Also, arsenic, which is toxic and causes cancer in humans, has not caused cancer in any animals that were tested (PETA 1). 

“According to the General Accounting Office, more than half of the prescription drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) between 1976 and 1985 caused serious side effects that later caused the drugs to be either relabeled or removed from the market.   Drugs approved for children were twice as likely to have a serious post-approval risks as other medications” (PETA 1).   
Furthermore, animal experimentation can keep effective drugs off of the market.   It’s very possible that many drugs that have been tested on animals were found to be deadly or involved serious side effects but if tested on humans could have been found to successfully cure or treat a specific disease.   Even though animals sometimes have the same reactions to a disease or drug as humans do, usually the animals experience much different effects.   There is also no way for experimenters to notice psychological effects on the animals; and the animals can’t tell experimenters how they feel and what they are experiencing. Animals cannot communicate through words so their frightened voices go unheard.   

Essay :Big Media's War

It seems like the fight between legal departments at major movie and TV studios and fan producers of websites has reached a fever pitch. In late September, the legal department of Fox TV sent out notices to cease and desist to two webmasters of fan "King Of The Hill" websites. Fox Primetime has cracked down on fan sites before, most notably those saluting "The X-Files." 

It boggles the mind why fan sites pose such a threat to the studios. It would seem that for a fan to take the time and spend the money to build a website without any hope of financial reward would be the supreme compliment to a given show. I know of no fan site which makes money. Usually, unless the webmaster has a free account through their College or University, their Internet access and web space costs money. And if not always a money sink, sites like these are always a time sink. These fans are taking time out of their busy educational and/or work schedules to give these shows free publicity. 

Still photographs from movies and TV shows used for reviews and/or given away, with or without autographs, to fans has been a traditional means of promoting a studio's wares. When fans offer stills for other fans to collect on the Internet, they are conducting a type of trade which has for decades existed via the mail and in face to face memorabilia swaps. 

There is more controversy about audio and video clips, but the fact remains that 10% of a copyrighted work of art can be duplicated for "fair use" purposes according to the Berne Convention, the current standard of law on copyrights for most of the world. Current audio techniques for the Internet like .AU, .AIFF, and .WAV get very, very large unless the audio snippet is only a matter of seconds long. And Real Audio .RAM files and Shockwave Streaming Audio files both play as they pass by and are not stored on a person's computer. We are not talking about piracy here. We are talking about a sample that's only a few seconds long, which the people who painstakingly make the sample slave over without any hope of recompense, and which takes up frightfully large chunks of server space. 
This goes double for the most controversial element of fan sites -- video clips. AVI Video For Windows and QuickTime video files are extremely largely sized. The underground classic short "The Spirit Of Christmas," made by the animators who would later go on to make the hit cable series "South Park" takes up a mind-numbing 50 Megabytes in filesize. Not a casual download to say the least. Unless you have a Cable or ADSL connection to the internet, otherwise you would have to set your computer to download all night to get that file. I have a copy of the famous Apple Computer "1984" commercial that is 11 MB in size. Would I have downloaded that? I really don't think so. I got it from a CD-ROM that Apple put out for promotional purposes. Through MacAddict magazine, I believe off hand.

The studios argue that they are defending their trademarks from passing into the Public Domain, I don’t think so! All of the fan sites I have seen have been scrupulous in giving proper trademark and copyright credits, including the Boomhauer(Did I spell that right?) site which is currently under fire by Fox TV Legal. A trademark cannot go into the Public Domain unless a trademark holder stops using the trademark, and/or specifically donates the trademark into the Public Domain. 

Not every studio has been draconian in their response to fan sites. The independent animation studio Spumco International has been very kind to fan sites, and encourages them. Also the producers of the hit TV series "Babylon 5"(which has quieted down lately) have encouraged fan sites, and in one case, "The Lurker's Guide to Babylon 5," have given the official stamp of approval, to fan sites. It is amazing to see the goodwill between "Babylon 5" fans and the series' producers. It perhaps might be not surprising that the "Babylon 5" producers and writers are largely cyber-savvy folks. One of the writers I met, subposidably anyways, on a local BBS(DaRk EcLiPsE BBS, later renamed The Rainbow Connection BBS)

Fan sites provide a great opportunity for cultivation of fan morale, and when fan sites are cracked down upon by studios fan morale sinks. It is the goodwill of the fans that makes a movie or a TV show a hit. Without the fans, the studios have nothing. What is needed is an outreach by studio publicists to encourage and stock fan sites with approved art and sound clips, not a draconian crackdown by studio legal departments. Unlike the fan-art sites which drew the ire of the Warner Bros. Pictures legal department for their naughty pictures of classic WB cartoon characters in an obscene manner, these sites which have been threatened are deferential and respectful to the characters they salute. 

These are not bootleggers who make money off piracy. These are fans, first and foremost, who are spending their time and their money to give these shows and movies free publicity and get no financial reward in return. It is maddening to think that the legal departments of Fox and other companies have nothing better to do than to persecute people for being fans. But perhaps lowered viewership and loss of fan goodwill might cause concrete economic consequences for the studios. And that's perhaps the only thing that will cause the studios to call off their legal dogs and leave the fan sites alone.